You dont need the power of a telescope to study and understand the relationship of the moon and the earth. Cut out the sun, moon, earth and two rectangular strips. The purpose of this lesson is for students to learn the relative motions of the earth, sun and moon. Auroae aurorae and the solar wind eratosthenes determining the earths circumference lunar and solar eclipses their differences and drawing diagrams lunar phases questions on the moons phases planet earth phases, characteristics of the atmosphere and light pollution sunspots. Nicolaus copernicus 14731543 was a polish astronomer who developed the copernican system, a model of the solar system in which the earth and the other planets orbit the sun. Solar eclipse model free printable homeschool antics.
Develop and use a model of the earthsunmoon system to. One of the biggest misconceptions that students have is that they believe that the sun travels around the earth. Earth, sun, moon rotation flipbook linkedin slideshare. Overview using an assortment of playground and toy balls, students will measure diameter, calculate distance and scale, and build a model of the earthmoon system. The three different frequencies for the three degrees of.
Donsu sun earth moon orbital model kit,solar system sun earth moon orbital planetarium model kids astrophysics educational toys diy kids gift. Mighty wanderer spaceial solar system model scaled for both size and distance including sun planets and earth moon models 4. Patterns of the apparent motion of the sun, the moon, and stars in the sky can be. The moon is earths natural satellite, meaning it revolves around the earth in the same way the earth travels around the sun. Earth science, astronomy, oceanography, geography, physical geography. I mainly focused on the movements of the objects, paying close attention to the rotation of the sun.
Earths rotation also causes the stars and the moon to appear to move across the sky. Students will then model the earths revolution or orbit around the sun on an inclined axis 23. Explain the changes in appearance of our moon over time k5. Ive wanted to build an orrery out of lego for quite a while now, and a couple of months ago i finally sat down and started putting one together. The earth completes a revolution of the sun in 365. Itrf frames are defined by the international earth rotation service iers. The student s activity sheets consist of a set of questions based on these topics. I hand out a copy of this handout for each student on white card stock paper as well as two brass fasteners. The moon orbits the earth every 28 days, the sun makes a full rotation every 25 days, and the earth orbits the sun every 375 days. Sunearthmoon model rotation and revolution model directions.
The moons trip around the earth impacts earths tides and causes eclipses when certain alignments of the earth, sun and moon occur. As the earth orbits the sun, the moon orbits the earth. Help your students think critically about how the earth, sun, and moon impact our daily lives. What are some limitations of using models to explain events in the solar system. The students acting as the earth and the moon have to slowly spin while walking in an oval. In this position, the earth is between the sun and the moon. The moons orbit lasts 27 12 days, but because the earth keeps moving, it takes the moon two extra days, 29 12, to come back to the same place in our sky. It does, but the period of its rotation is the 2 the moon makes 1 rotation as it makes an orbit. This item is also found in the earth science set of 8 bundles at 30% off. It takes the earth one year, or 365 14 days, to completely orbit the sun. Scale model of sun and earth about this activity this activity explores the relative size of sun and earth as well as the distance between them. The sun is an averagesized star, made of hot gas fueled by nuclear reactions.
Explain the daynight cycle of the earth using a model. It spins, or rotates, once every 24 hours giving us the length of a day. Multilevel lesson plan guide earth, moon, and beyond. Using the paper fasteners, attach the short strip on the back of the moon and the long strip on the back of the sun. The earths orbit and rotation,and the orbit of the moon around the earth cause observable patterns. For any point on earths surface, the speed of earths rotation can be described. Jan 31, 2015 in this position, the earth is between the sun and the moon. The moon revolves around the earth in an average of 27. Key concept earth rotates on a tilted axis and orbits the sun. Analyze relationships between the sun and earth, the earth and moon and the sun, earth and moon. Students play a memory game and learn some characteristics about the three objects.
This student activity demonstrates how the moon rotates on its axis at the same rate that it revolves around the earth. Please practice handwashing and social distancing, and check out our resources for adapting to these times. This is a model of the sun, earth, and moon, that shows how the earth orbits the sun, and the moon goes around the earth. Use this handson model to help your students understand the earthmoonsun relationship.
With your team, look at the materials you have available. Awareness of these different motions is needed to develop and understanding of the causes of the daynight cycle, the seasons and the cycle of lunar phases. This set includes a model for the sun, earth, and moon system and a model for. Sun earth and moon rotation craft for unit study solar system s and activities for science teachers but it moves how we know the earth rotates sciences photo siding spring observatory sun moon earth rotation how to create an earth and moon model 10 s with pictures epedia solar system scopeepedia solar system scopeearth s. Its reasonably accurate in terms of the rotation and orbital periods of the objects, but clearly it isnt to scale with respect to sizedistances. Earthmoonsun system interactive diagram activity rotation. The relative motions of the earthmoonsun is complex. Understand the relationship between the earth and moon. Modeling the earthmoon system activity nasajpl edu. A diagram showing the earths rotation around the sun and the corresponding seasons in the northern and southern hemispheres. Sun earth moon craft model for kids with activities moon. Develop and use a model of the earthsunmoon system to describe the cyclic patterns of lunar phases, eclipses of the sun and moon, and. Motion of the sun and earth this is using a playground model to understand rotation and revolution. Sun earth moon model rotation and revolution model directions.
This is an effective way to model eclipses and the position of earth, the moon and the sun during the moons phases. Students will practice fine motor skills to build a sun earth moon mobile and use it to describe the relative movement of the. The sunearthmoon system 11 name date class earths spin the speed at which earth turns on its axis can be described in two ways. Earthmoon model distance student data sheet 1 per student download pdf management depending on the size of the balls used, the scale models can take up a lot of space. This simple device illustrates the scale distance and relative sizes of the earth moon system. The earths rotation and the gravitational pull of the sun and moon create tides. Fair use statement education and scholarship this video may contain ed material.
Students learn that the sun is a star and some additional characteristics about the sun, earth, and moon. Before using the model to show students the phases. Mar 30, 2020 how to create an earth and moon model. The relative motions of the earth moon sun is complex. This handson manipulative works great in interactive science notebooks. This handson manipulative requires students to identify components of the sunearthmoon system and explain how the components interact with one another and how their movements impact phenomenon on earth.
This activity is related to a teachable moment from aug. Currently only the itrf93 frame is supported within spice. A premeasured piece of string was used to mark the appropriate distance for the scale model. This is why the same side of the moon always faces the earth. By creating an earth and moon model, you can replicate some aspects of this relationship. We could also see where the moon would be during an eclipse. Distinguish the difference between revolution and rotation. The moon spins around on its own axis in the same amount of time it takes to make one revolution of the earth. Sun, earth and moon teaching resource pack teaching. Auroae aurorae and the solar wind eratosthenes determining the earths circumference lunar and solar eclipses their differences and drawing diagrams lunar phases questions on the moons phases planet earth phases, characteristics of the atmosphere and light pollution sunspots and the sun. This simple device illustrates the scale distance and relative sizes of the earthmoon system.
Build an earthmoonsun model to learn about how they orbit. The orbits of earth around the sun and of the moon around earth, together with the rotation of earth about an axis between its north and south poles, cause observable patterns. Sun and earth rotation model the earth images revimage. A model of the earth and moon background information. These apparent movements can be described with models. This generates the tides in the ocean and allows us to see different stages of the moon half moon, full moon, etc. This is an effective way to model eclipses and the position of earth. Challenge students creativity using the sunearthmoon model. Special pck and fk for earth and moon 9 data source for earth high accuracy model binary earth pcks represent the orientation of an earth itrfxx bodyfixed reference frame relative to the icrf. This activity will help student identify the relationship of the earth and the moon, identifying the alignment that causes an eclipse. A handson model to demonstrate the interplay and movements of the sun, earth and moon. If an aph globe is not available, i have listed an easy way to adapt this activity in the variations section. Line of evidence moon, earth, and sun model we made a model to show how the moon only orbits. The earth and the moon both turn on their own axis rotation, but both also move around another object revolution.
The earth makes one complete revolution around the sun in 365 days or 1 year, causing the seasons. Have the children share their models and show that earth rotates on its axis once each 24 hours to create daylight. A model of the earth and moon background information this activity demonstrates the relative sizes of the earth and moon and the distance between them. Jul 07, 2015 the earths rotation and the gravitational pull of the sun and moon create tides. Earth, moon, and sun707 vocabulary axis of rotation p.
From out in the solar system, earth and moon appear as one dot of light. Make a model that shows earths orbit around the sun and the moons orbit around earth. Add your own light source to model the earths tilt and the motion of the moon orbiting around the earth. The student modeling the moon must always be facing the earth, but the student facing the earth does not need to be facing the moon all.
The model can also be used to demonstrate lunar and solar eclipses and the phases of the moon. Now ask a student to take his or her position as the moon, with the earth between the moon and the sun. Season survey, 23 copies per student pdf file see attached. Two round balloons at least 8inch size, preferably 12inch size fullsize mens basketball or a beach ball or other ball about 75 cm in circumference tennis ball or baseball. The moons gravitational pull is the primary tidal force. Moon orbit and rotation read about the moon orbit visit this website. Moon, and one as an astronomer observing the path the earth moon system takes around the sun. This is a model of the sun, earth, and moon, that shows how the earth orbits the sun, and the moon goes around the earth nicolaus copernicus 14731543 was a polish astronomer who developed the copernican system, a model of the solar system in which the earth and the other planets orbit. Students build a model of the sun earth moon system, exploring how the moon revolves around the earth, and the earth around the sun. Model the rotation of the earth to represent one solar day 24 hours.
Students will model the position and motion of the earth in the solar system and will explain the role of relative position and motion in determining sequence of the phases of the moon. The earths path around the sun is called its orbit. Students build a model of the sunearthmoon system, exploring how the moon revolves around the earth, and the earth around the sun. The sun is the closest star to the earth, and is one of over 200 billion in the milky way galaxy. Earth only has one natural satellite, the moon, which is thought to have played a major role in stabilising the axis of rotation of the earth. Since the moon is orbiting the earth as the earth orbits the sun it also takes around 365 days for. The student modeling the moon must always be facing the earth, but the student facing the earth does not need to be facing the moon all the time. Oct 01, 2019 sun earth and moon rotation craft for unit study solar system s and activities for science teachers but it moves how we know the earth rotates sciences photo siding spring observatory sun moon earth rotation how to create an earth and moon model 10 s with pictures epedia solar system scopeepedia solar system scopeearth s. Explain the movements of the earth, moon and sun by developing models. These include the following grade 2 content corequisite standards in earth science. Sun, earth and moon foldable with keysun, earth and moon rotation and revolution modeltwo vocabulary units with blanks and pictures our solar.
Point out that as the student modeling the earth performed a complete rotation, heshe started off facing the sun, then faced away from the sun, and ended up facing the sun again. See get students excited about science with this months total solar eclipse. The student acting as the moon has to make sure that they are always facing the earth, just like one side of the moon always faces the earth. A refresher on the orbital positions and movements of the earth, moon and sun. The rotation of the earth 24 hours explains the alternation of day and night. The moons gravity pulls the ocean toward it during high high tides. Describe the view from the earth as a complete moon and the position of the moon, earth, and sun at this phase. This means that the same side of the moon is always facing the earth. The reason we always see the one face of the moon is because its rotation takes 28 days just like its trip around the earth. Students can manipulate this to show the rotation of the earth day, the revolutionorbit of the moon around the earth, and the revolutionorbit of the earth around the sun year. The moon is about 384,000 km 239,000 miles from the earth and it takes about 27 days to make one trip around the earth. Similarities and differences in patterns can be used to sort, classify, communicate and analyze simple rates of change for natural phenomena.
The fact that the rotation of the moon on its own axis and its revolution around the earth both require the same amount of time 29. This may have also been a favourable condition for the emergence of life. In the activity, students create a model of the earth, sun and moon system. Use the postits to label important parts of your model. Students observe the moons orbit of earth simultaneously with earths orbit of the sun. It orbits the earth following an elliptical path and therefore the distance between the moon and the earth varies from about 350 000 km to 400 000 km.
Students work in groups of two to model the motion of the moon around the earth and the rotation of the moon. The moon orbits the earth on a cycle of approximately 28 days. Using an assortment of playground and toy balls, students will measure diameter, calculate distance and scale, and build a model of the earthmoon system. This is a bundle or whole unit for the sun, earth and moon. Other conceptsincluding gravity, fusion, eclipses, and explorationare also discussed in the show. Apr 20, 2011 in the activity, students create a model of the earth, sun and moon system. Fair use statement education and scholarship this video may contain copyrigh. We head outside and i tell them that we are now going to add the moon to our playground model and i ask them how and where they think the moon moves. Did you know that the sun is a ball of gas that also rotates on its axis. In this activity, students make a model of the sun, earth and moon and play a memory game. Im using the new 60 tooth version of the large turntable. As i was contemplating how to describe why we only view one side of the moon, this simple model came to my mind. High accuracy orientation and bodyfixed frames for the.
Lego moc4477 earth, moon and sun orrery technic 2016. The velocity of rotation refers to the rate at which earth turns on its axis. Students learn about seasons, moon phases, and eclipses as they use these items to explore the movement of the moon around the earth. It takes the earth 24 hours to rotate on its axis and one year to revolve around the sun. So, the relatively small moon exerts a much stronger tidal force on earth than the gargantuan sun because it is so much closeron average the moon is 384,399. That is why i created this model that allows students to manipulate the earth and the moon in order to gain a better understanding.
Before using the model to show students the phases in order, bring the moon back to the sun new moon. The earth holds the moon in its gravitational orbit and prevents it from drifting off into space. Create your own model to show how the earth orbits the sun while the moon travels around the earth stay safe and healthy. Students play a matching game and learn some characteristics about the three objects. Big aha thesis statement because of the positions of the sun, moon, and the earth, we experience moon phases that go in a repeated pattern every 28 days. They learn that the earth revolves around the sun and the moon around the earth. Some good web sites to use with earth, moon and sun. If all distances were to scale the result would be that the moons motion would be a sinuous, wavelike motion around the sun rather than a series of loops around the earth as is commonly believed. Feb 25, 20 make sun, earth and moon model and observe the phases of moon science projects butterfly fields duration. Gutzwiller ibm research center, yorktown heights, new york 10598 the daily motion of the moon through the sky has many unusual features that a careful observer can discover without the help of instruments.243 1458 863 1175 1218 910 589 728 202 1207 205 336 505 571 1028 809 1435 1525 503 1497 1344 354 46 348 663 634 346 334 1244 101 317